By Color

Spanish Dog Breeds

Spain is home to a lot of dog breeds which are famous all over the world. The dog breeds who have their origin in Spain are lovely pets as well as hunting and herding dogs. While Spain is renowned for a lot of things, some Spanish dog breeds are not found anywhere in the English speaking countries.

This article contains the top five Spanish dog breeds out of which some are restricted to the country of Spain only.

1) Spanish Mastiff

Spanish Mastiff

Weight Male: 90–100 kgs
Female: 52-77 kgs
Height Male: 77–88 cms
Female: 72–88 cms
Life Expectancy 10-12 years
Color Black, Brindle, Fawn, Wolf-Sable, Yellow, Red


This is a vast and powerful dog. They have a large head, small eyes, drop ears while the face holds a serious and vigilant expression at all times. Spanish Mastiffs are less noisy, but when they bark, it is deep and quite intimidating. This breed has been named as “the national dog breed of Spain.”


  • Affectionate
  • Intelligent
  • Self-assured
  • Determined
  • Noble

2) Catalan Sheepdog

Catalan Sheepdog

Weight Male: 20−25 kgs
Female: 17–21 kgs
Height Male: 47−55 cms
Female: 45−53 cms
Life Expectancy 12 - 14 years
Color fawn, brown more or less reddish, grey and black


This dog was bred initially as a herding dog and had two varieties, a long-haired dog and a short-haired one out of which, the short-haired dog was one of the rarest on the planet. These are medium-sized, handsome dogs with a long, flat, slightly wavy, abundant undercoat that covers almost the whole body.


  • Loyal and affectionate
  • Highly intelligent
  • Excellent Guarding dogs
  • Cheerful
  • Courageous

3) Spanish Greyhound

Spanish Greyhound

Weight Male: 27–29 kgs
Female: 23–25 kgs
Height Male: Around 66 cms
Female: Around 64 cms
Life Expectancy 12-15 years
Color brindle, black, golden, toasted, cinnamon, yellow, red, white, white with patches, or any color with a white muzzle.


These are also known as “Galgo Español” or “Spanish Galgo.” Galgos are smaller, lighter in build, streamlined dogs with a long tail. These are extremely shy and need a lot of socializing to overcome their shy behavior. This breed is to be found in Spain only.


  • Calm
  • Quiet and gentle
  • Friendly around cats
  • Loving
  • Reserved

4) Alano Espanol

Alano Espanol

Weight Male: 30–40 kgs
Female: 25–35 kgs
Height Male: 58–63 cms
Female: 55–60 cms
Life Expectancy 11 – 14 years
Color Brindle, Fawn, Wolf-Sable, Black & brindle, Yellow, Red


The Alano Espanol or Spanish Alano is a large, sturdy dog with a well-proportioned body and strong, long legs. These have a short and thick coat. These are dogs who love working and need a lot of daily workouts if kept as pets.


  • Obedient
  • Affectionate
  • Patient and Reliable
  • Dominant
  • Serious

5) Spanish Water Dog

Spanish Water Dog

Weight Male: 18–22 kgs
Female: 14–18 kgs
Height Male: 44–50 cms
Female: 40–45 cms
Life Expectancy 12-15 years
Color solid black, beige, brown, or white; bicolor where the second color is white.


The Spanish Water Dog is a well proportioned, medium-sized dog with a strong head and a flat skull. This dog is well known for its dreadlocked coat, which helps him to bear dry to humid climates. These dogs enjoy recreational activities such as boating, swimming, or playing in the water.


  • Diligent
  • High energy levels
  • Intelligent
  • Affectionate
  • Loyal